Named Transform Image Servlet

Available since version 1.5.0


Many web site designs demands consistency of images based on their use within components. For example, a panoramic spotlight may demand the image be 960 x 400, and bio picture must be 100 x 100 and greyscale.

The ACS AEM Commons Named Transform Image Servlet allows specific image transforms to be defined centrally via OSGi configurations. These image transforms can be easily invoked via parameterized HTTP GET requests to image resources in AEM.

Please note that these transformations are happening on the fly, and the result is not cached as part of this functionality. Also this functionality can be very demanding in terms of resources (both memory/heap and CPU), especially when invoked on large renditions/assets. It can lead to situations of high garbage collection and even Out-of-memory situations, which can bring down AEM.

If you need a specific rendition more often, it is advised to create this rendition upfront using processing profiles (see the documentation for AEM 6.5 and AEM as a Cloud Service).

In case of AEM as a Cloud Service the Core Components support the web-optimized delivery of images, and you can also enable your own components to use that feature.


The below DAM Asset image has been resizes, rotated, cropped and greyscaled as defined by the custom defined my-transform-name transform rule set.

bc. http://localhost:4502/content/dam/geometrixx/shapes/sq_plan.png.transform/my-transform-name/image.png

( Original image on left. Transformed image on right. )

Supporting OSGi Configuration

Supported “image-y” resources

Almost any “image-like” resource can be requested using the named transform URI parameterization, and the underlying image will be derived and rendered using the transformation parameters.

  • Pages (cq:Page)
    • HTTP GET /content/acme/article.transform/feature/image.png
  • Image component resources
    • HTTP GET /content/acme/article/_jcr_content/image.transform/feature/image.png
  • DAM Assets (dam:Asset)
    • HTTP GET /content/dam/images/dog.jpg.transform/feature/image.jpg
  • DAM Asset Renditions
    • HTTP GET /content/dam/images/dog.jpg/jcr:content/renditions/thumbnail.jpg.transform/feature/image.jpg
  • “Raw” Binary Images (nt:file or nt:resource)
    • HTTP GET /etc/designs/acme/images/cat.png.transform/feature/image.jpg

How to Use

  • Define any number of sling:OsgiConfig’s, each representing a different named transform


<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<jcr:root xmlns:sling="" xmlns:cq="" xmlns:jcr="" xmlns:nt=""
  • Order matters when defining your image transformation rules. For example, a resize then crop can yield significantly different results than a crop then resize.

  • Get the URI to a supported resource (see above) to transform
  • add the .transform extension (append this even if the resource is named with an extension; like a DAM asset)
  • Add an initial suffix segment that matches your transform name (Ex. /my-transform)
  • Add a final suffix segment of /image.<image-format-extension> OR /img.<image-format-extension>

Resulting in

  • <img src="/content/mysite/article/_jcr_content/image.transform/my-transform/image.png"/>


  • <img src="/content/dam/images/dog.jpg.transform/my-transform/img.png"/>

Chained Transformations (Available in v.1.9.0+)

Transforms can be chained by naming a series in the suffix.

  • Transform rules on the left are overwritten by those on the right.
  • Transform rules order is defined from left to right.


Where hero is a NamedTransform with ImageTransforms


and small is a NamedTransform w ImageTransforms


The combined transformation would result in:


ACS AEM Commons provided Image Transformers


Converts the image to greyscale.


  • greyscale


  • None


  • greyscale


Resizes the image to the specified width and/or height.


  • resize


  • width=[width in px]
  • height=[height in px]


  • resize:width=200
  • resize:height=300
  • resize:width=400&height=400

Bounded Resize (v1.8.0+)

Resizes the image but will not resize past maximum dimension constraints. Accepts two Integer params: height and width. Either width or height will scale to the parameterized limit. The other dimension scale automatically to maintain the original aspect ratio. If the original image is smaller than the configured dimensions the image won't be resized. Upscale param can be set to true to allow upscaling smaller images.


  • bounded-resize


  • width=[width in px]
  • height=[height in px]
  • upscale=true/false


  • bounded-resize:width=200
  • bounded-resize:height=300
  • bounded-resize:width=400&height=400&upscale=true


Rotates the image.


  • rotate


  • degrees=[degrees to rotate]


  • rotate:degrees=180


Crops the image to the specified bounds.


  • crop


  • bounds=[x,y,width,height]
  • smart=[boolean] Defaults to true. Smart bounding will attempt to shift the specified crop-zone to fit within the image dimensions if the crop-zone falls outside the images dimensions.


  • crop:bounds=150\,100\,100\,100
  • crop:bounds=150\,100\,100\,100&smart=false
  • crop:bounds=25%\,0\,50%\,100%
    • Relative cropping available since v2.8.0/3.4.0

Adjust Brightness/Contrast

Adjusts the brightness and contrast of the image.

Note: This utilizes the Adobe CQ Layer adjust(..) method which does not seem to conform w common brightness/contrast expectations.


  • adjust


  • brightness=[-255 .. 255] (dark to light)
  • contrast=[positive float] (1.0 does not change contrast. < 1.0 lower contrast. > 1.0 enhance contrast.)


  • adjust:brightness=120&contrast=0

Multiply Blend (v.1.8.0+)

Multiplies all of the RGB values of the image against a base color. Follows specification of Multiply blend from Adobe Photoshop (


  • multiply


  • alpha=[0.0..1.0] (Opacity, percentage)
  • color=[000000..FFFFFF] (Hex Color for use in blending; if specified, overrides all red/green/blue parameters)
  • red=[0..255] (Red value for use in blending; not required if using color parameter; default value: 255)
  • green=[0..255] (Green value for use in blending; not required if using color parameter; default value: 255)
  • blue=[0..255] (Blue value for use in blending; not required if using color parameter; default value: 255)


  • multiply:alpha=.75&color=3366FF
  • multiply:alpha=.75&red=51&green=102&blue=255

Red/Green/Blue Shift (v.1.8.0+)

Shifts the color of all pixels in an image. Parameters are a percentage of R/G/B value. Omit or set R/G/B shift value to 0 to keep current value. If any element of the color is shifted beyond min/max allowed (0..255) the min/max value is used. Based on


  • rgb-shift


  • red=[-1.0..1.0] (Percentage, amount of red to shift the image)
  • green=[-1.0..1.0] (Percentage, amount of green to shift the image)
  • blue=[-1.0..1.0] (Percentage, amount of blue to shift the image)


  • rgb-shift:red=.5&green=.25&blue=-.60

Quality (v.1.9.0+)

Known Issue: Setting quality above 82 causes rendition file-size to balloon dramatically (up to 2x original).

Adjusts the quality of the output image. This leverages the AEM Product Layer API's write method, so it only works on JPEG and GIF image types (PNG is not supported).

Quality is always executed LAST, no matter where is appears in the transform list.


  • quality


  • quality=[0..100] (0 is lowest quality, 100 is highest)
  • If quality number is "out of bounds", 82 will be used (OOTB AEM Default quality)


  • quality:quality=75

Scale (v.2.1.0+)

Scale allows percent-based scaling of images.


  • scale


  • @scale=decimal representation of percent to scale
  • Example: 0.25 = 25%
  • @round=up | down | round
  • Default: round


  • scale:scale=.75

Letter/Pillar Box (v.2.1.0+)

Adds a Letter/Pillar box support when the specified new dimensions don't match aspect ratio of original image. The apporopriate boxing will be applied based on best fit for the calculated aspect ratio. The background of the boxing is configurable, however if using JPG encoding transparency is lost resulting in black.


  • letter-pillar-box


  • width=[width in px]
  • height=[height in px]
  • alpha=[0.0..1.0] (Opacity of background, percentage)
  • color=[000000..FFFFFF] (Hex Color for use in background)


  • letter-pillar-box:width=600&height=600
  • letter-pillar-box:width=600&height=600&alpha=.65&color=0F0F0F

Sharpen (v2.13.0+/v3.10.0+)

Adds a sharpen/unsharpen mask to images.


  • sharpen


  • op_usm=[amount,radius]
    • amount=[0.0...5.0]
    • radius=[0...250]


  • sharpen:op_usm=3.5,20