Available since version 3.15.0
This feature is not AEM as a Cloud Service compatible; starting with the release 4.6.2 this feature is disabled on this platform (including the SDK).
On-Deploy Scripts allows developers to create one-time scripts that execute upon deployment to an AEM server.
Content updates that correlate with code updates/refactors
- Updating all instances of a component to a new
sling:resourceTypename or path. This often happens when developers reorganize the code structure such as
- Copying a node property to a new property name. This often happens as components over time refer to a single type
of data but with a different name, and there is a desire to consolidate to a common name so that code can easily work
with all nodes - e.g.
postal | zip | zipcode->
Admin updates that would need to be done on all servers in all environments
- Creating a user group
- Adding users/groups as members of a group
- Creating a site blueprint
- Configuring cloud configs (e.g. translation configuration) for a node tree
Mass content updates required by business that would be onerous for authors
- Updating a phone number everywhere from “555-555-5555” to “999-999-9999”
- Updating all pages of a particular type to set a property such as “Hide in Navigation”
- Deleting all instances of a particular component
- Removing obsolete content
One-time content creations that you prefer not to have in your content package
- Loading data into AEM from a remote data source
- Creation of the initial site structure
- Creation of content meant for local developer environments only
Why use this tool?
There are other tools out there that allow you to run ad-hoc scripts against your AEM instance manually, but this method is fully automated. An automated approach provides many key benefits.
- Continuous integration gives you automatic testing in your pre-prod environments. You can be confident that things will work correctly in production because the scripts have run on deployment to your pre-prod environments as well.
- Scripts are run at the same time as the code deployment. As such, there is effectively no period of time where the
server is in a “broken” state for cases such as the example where a
sling:resourceTypepath is changed and content needs to reference the new
- Automation eliminates the chance of user error and/or omission when releasing to production (e.g. dev-ops forgetting to run a script on the server post-deployment, developers forgetting to tell dev-ops to run the script in the first place, etc.)
- Automation reduces work and required coordination.
- No longer does anyone need to make sure they update all of the pre-prod environments with updates related to a code deployment.
- No longer do pre-prod environments contain obsolete content because having an author update all environments would be too much work for the value.
- No longer are developers sending out messages of “When you pull down my latest code, make sure you run “X” script else “Y” will blow up.”
- Scripts ease setup for new developers and QA personnel on your projects. We’ve all played the game of “Your AEM server isn’t working properly? Did you run this script? Did you configure this property?” This issue simply goes away as every person’s AEM server checks the on-deploy scripts and runs whichever ones have not yet been run automatically.
- Scripts can be run on both the author and publish servers. As such, content updates do not need to be activated/published. This can be a big deal for mass content updates.
- Script run status is preserved within AEM, giving an easy way to determine if a script has already been run on a given server.
How to Use
- Enable the On-Deploy Scripts Feature
- Implement a Script Provider Service
- Create Scripts and Add to Script Provider
Enable the On-Deploy Scripts Feature
Enable the On-Deploy Scripts feature by deploying a blank OSGi configuration file from your project deployment.
Implement a Script Provider Service
Create a service implementation of
com.adobe.acs.commons.ondeploy.OnDeployScriptProvider. This service
implements a single function that returns a list of one-time script classes for the On-Deploy Scripts Executor
(enabled above) to run.
This can very well be a copy and paste of the code below. Note the commented line - this is where you will be referencing your real script classes, in the order you wish for them to run.
Create Scripts and Add to Script Provider
Create any number of one-time script classes that implement the
com.adobe.acs.commons.ondeploy.scripts.OnDeployScript interface. It is generally recommended to do so by extending
com.adobe.acs.commons.ondeploy.scripts.OnDeployScriptBase, which provides OOTB helper functions, a logger, and
useful instance variables.
Once you have created these script classes, add them as instances to the list returned by your Script Provider class created in the previous step.
On-Deploy Scripts are designed to run a single time per AEM server. To that end, AEM will track which scripts have been run, and deploying a Script Provider multiple times with the same list of scripts will not cause those scripts to run multiple times (provided they are successful and the status tracking nodes are not removed - see Monitoring section). Indeed it is often beneficial to keep the entire list of scripts intact indefinitely, so that a new AEM server can run all scripts from first to last to be completely up to date without any manual intervention.
On-Deploy Scripts are executed immediately on deployment to AEM, and are run in the order specified within the Script
Provider service. Each script generates a status node under
/var/acs-commons/on-deploy-scripts-status. This status
node indicates whether the script was successful or not, and when it executed. A script that completes successfully will
never run again on this server (unless the status node is removed).
If a script fails, AEM will mark its status node with a value of “fail”. A failing script will prevent any later scripts in the list from running, in case later scripts depend on the success of earlier scripts. A failed script will attempt to execute again during the next code deployment (or restart).
If your On-Deploy Scripts are not running on deployment to AEM (as evidenced by not finding any status nodes under
/var/acs-commons/on-deploy-scripts-status), ensure you have enabled the On-Deploy Scripts feature
by deploying an empty OSGi config for
If your On-Deploy Scripts are running but failing, your best bet is to check log files. If you’re using the
provided by extending
OnDeployScriptBase for your scripts, the logging should match your exact script class names.
You may also wish to filter your log file by
com.adobe.acs.commons.ondeploy and up the logging level to
One common source of errors can be attempting to execute operations without appropriate permissions. On-Deploy Scripts
are run by the
acs-commons-on-deploy-scripts-service service user. By default, this user has the following
- / (entire repository) - read
- /content - read/write/replicate
- /etc - read/write
- /var/acs-commons/on-deploy-script-status – read/write
Depending on what your script is attempting to do, you may need to add further permissions for the
acs-commons-on-deploy-scripts-service user to your AEM repository.